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首都 shǒu dū: Meaning and Pronunciation / HSK 4

首都 (shǒu dū) English Meaning

  • capital (city)

Traditional Characters:  首都

首 forms words in:

HSK 4, HSK 5 and HSK 6.  CLICK HERE to see them all.

都 forms words in:

HSK 1 and HSK 4.  CLICK HERE to see them all. PLEASE NOTE:  This character is also pronounced dōu in HSK 1.

Corresponding Classifiers|Measure Words:

  • |(gè)

Sample Sentences

  • 美国首都在哪儿?
    Měiguó shǒudū zài nǎ’er?
    What’s the capital of the United States?
  • 伯恩是瑞士首都。
    Bó ēn shì ruìshì shǒudū.
    Bern is the capital of Switzerland.
  • 曼谷是泰国的首都。
    Màngǔ shì tàiguó de shǒudū.
    Bangkok is the capital of Thailand.
  • 北京是中国的首都。
    Běijīng shì zhōngguó de shǒudū.
    Beijing is the capital of China.
  • 巴黎是法国的首都。
    Bālí shì fàguó de shǒudū.
    Paris is the capital of France.
  • 罗马是世界的首都。
    Luómǎ shì shìjiè de shǒudū.
    Rome is the capital of the world.
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Stroke Order & Character Components

HSK 4 shou 3

首 (shǒu): head; chief; first (occasion, thing, etc.); classifier for poems, songs, etc.

  •  (shǒu): head

都 (dōu): all; both; entirely; (used for emphasis) even; already; (not) at all

  • 耂 (lǎo): old
  • 日 (rì): sun
  • 阝(邑) (fù): city
  • 者 (zhě): (after a verb or adjective) one who (is) …; (after a noun) person involved in …; -er; -ist; (used after a number or 後|后 (huò) or 前(qián) to refer to sth mentioned previously); (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term); (old) (used at the end of a command); (old) this

Links to all HSK Words & Lists Containing 首

HSK 4 Word List

HSK 5 Word List

  • 首 (shǒu): head; chief; first (occasion, thing etc); classifier for poems and songs

HSK 6 Word List

  • 首饰 (shǒu shì): jewelry; head ornament
  • 首要 (shǒu yào): the most important; of chief importance
  • 元首 (yuán shǒu): head of state

*CL: Classifier/Measure Word

Links to all HSK Words & Lists Containing 都

HSK 1 Word List

  • 都 (dōu): all, both; entirely (due to) each; even; already

HSK 4 Word List

*CL: Classifier/Measure Word

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