Let's Talk Family

In this lesson, you will learn all about Family members in Chinese.  We will break down the family tree, learn how to introduce our family members, and learn how to pronounce the top 100 Chinese surnames.  This page has 4 sections, here are jump links:  

Videos: The Chinese Family Tree

everyday chinese

Videos: Introducing Family Members

everyday chinese
eChinese Learning

Top 100 Chinese Surnames

Chinese Family Members Vocabulary Chart

Chinese Characters or English can be placed in the search boxes above the tables. Special thanks to “Off the Great Wall” upon whose video (posted above) I based this chart. 

AUDIO

ENGLISH

HANZI & PINYIN

YOUR IMMEDIATE FAMILY 

 

Your Mom

 妈妈 (māma)

Your Dad

 爸爸 (bàba)

Your Wife

 妻子 (qīzi) or 老婆 (lǎopó)

Your Husband

 丈夫 (zhàngfū) or 老公 (lǎogōng)

Your older brother

哥哥 (gēgē)

Your older sister

姐姐 (jiějiě)

Your younger brother

弟弟 (dìdì)

Your younger sister

妹妹 (mèimei)

Your son

儿子 (érzi)

Your daughter

 女儿 (nǚ'ér)

GRANDMA

 

Grandmother on Dad’s side

 奶奶 (nǎinai

Grandmother on Mom’s side

外婆 (wàipó)

GRANDPA

 

Grandfather on Dad’s side

爷爷 (yéyé)

Grandfather on Mom’s side

外公 (wàigōng)

UNCLE

 

Dad’s older brother

伯伯 (bóbo)

Dad’s younger brother

叔叔 (shūshu)

Dad’s older sister’s husband

 姑夫 (gūfū)

Dad’s younger sister’s husband

 姑夫 (gūfū)

Mom’s older or younger brother

舅舅 (jiùjiu)

AUNT

 

Dad’s older sister

姑妈 (gūmā)

Dad’s younger sister

 姑姑 (gūgū)

Dad’s older brother’s wife

伯母 (bómǔ)

Dad’s younger brother’s wife

婶婶 (shěnshěn)

Mom’s older sister

 姨妈 (yímā)

Mom’s younger sister

阿姨 (āyí)

Mom’s brother’s wife

 舅母 (jiùmu)

COUSIN

 

Dad’s sibling’s son (if older than you)

 堂兄 (táng xiōng)

Dad’s sibling’s son (if younger than you)

 堂弟 (táng )

Dad’s sibling’s daughter (if older than you)

 堂姐 (táng jiě)

Dad’s sibling’s daughter (if younger than you)

 堂妹 (táng mèi)

Mom’s sibling’s son (if older than you)

表哥 (biǎo )

Mom’s sibling’s son (if younger than you)

 表弟 (biǎo )

Mom’s sibling’s daughter (if older than you)

表姐 (biǎo jiě)

Mom’s sibling’s daughter (if younger than you)

表妹 (biǎo mèi)

NEPHEW

 

Brother's son

 姪子 (zhízi)

Sister's son

 外甥 (wàishēng)

NIECE

 

Brother's daughter

 姪女 (zhínǚ)

Sister's daughter

 外甥女 (wàishengnǚ)

FATHER-IN-LAW

 

Husband's father

 公公 (gōnggong)

Wife's father

 岳父 (yuèfù)

MOTHER-IN-LAW

 

Husband's mother

 婆婆 (pópo)

Wife's mother

 岳母 (yuèmǔ)

BROTHER-in-law

 

Your older sister’s husband

 姐夫 (jiěfū)

Your younger sister’s husband

 妹夫 (mèifū)

SISTER-in-law

 

Your older brother’s wife

 嫂子 (sǎo zi)

Your younger brother’s wife

 弟妇 (dìfù)

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