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Time Words: Year, Month, Week & Day

Time words can appear either at the beginning of the sentence (before the subject), or directly after the subject.  In English, the time word may come at the end of a sentence, but in Chinese that is incorrect.  The correct sentence structure is: “Time + Subject + Verb + Object” or “Subject + Time + Verb + Object.”  Here are two examples:  

下 个 月 我们 结婚 吧 ? Xià gè yuè wǒmen jiéhūn ba?  Next month shall we get married?
我们 下 个 月 结婚 吧 ? Wǒmen xià gè yuè jiéhūn ba?  Shall we get married next month?

In addition, Chinese places time words in order of greatest to least.  The correct order is Year, Month and then the Day.

Month = 月 yuè Week = 星期 xīnɡ qī Weekend = 周末 zhōu mò Monday = Week 星期 xīnɡ qī + 一 yī
As Monday is 1st day of the week.
1 PAST (Up) 上 shàng + 上 shàng +
measure word 个 ge
Month Before
Last Month
个月
shànɡ shànɡ ɡe yuè
Week Before
Last Week
个星期
shànɡ shànɡ ge xīnɡ qī
Weekend Before
Last Weekend
上上个周末
shànɡ shànɡ ɡe zhōu mò
PAST (Up)
上 shàng + measure word 个 ge
Last Month
上个月
shànɡ ɡe yuè
Last Week
上个星期
shànɡ ge xīnɡ qī
Last Weekend
上个周末
shànɡ ɡe zhōu mò
Last Monday
上个星期一
shànɡ ge xīnɡ qī yī
PRESENT (This)
这 zhè + measure word 个 ge
This Month
这个月
zhè ɡe yuè
This Week
这个星期
zhè ɡe xīnɡ qī
This Weekend
这个周末
zhè ge zhōu mò
This Monday
这个星期一
zhè ge xīnɡ qī yī
FUTURE (Down)
下 xià + measure word 个 ge
Next Month
下个月
xià ɡe yuè
Next Week
下个星期
xià ge xīnɡ qī
Next Weekend
下个周末
xià ge zhōu mò
Next Monday
下个星期一
xià ge xīnɡ qī yī
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