HSK 1 Word List / YCT 1 & 2

HSK 1 has 150 words. Click on the word you want to explore further by using the links within the table.  Listen to the audio for all words below, or listen to individual words within the table. 

Please Note:  The Youth Chinese Test (YCT) Levels 1 and 2 combined are equivalent to HSK Level 1.   

Audio for All Words & HELP

AUDIO

SIMPLIFIED

PINYIN

TRADITIONAL

ENGLISH & CLASSIFIERS

ài

to love; affection; to be fond of; to like

eight; 8

爸爸

bàba

爸爸

father (informal)

北京

běijīnɡ

北京

Beijing; capital of People's Republic of China; Peking; PRC government

杯子

bēizi

杯子

cup; glass; CL: 個|个(gè), 支(zhī)

běn

origin; source; roots or stems of plants; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc; originally

not (negative prefix); no

不客气

búkèqi

不客氣

you're welcome; it's my pleasure (answer to someone who thanks)

cài

dish (type of food); vegetables; vegetable; cuisine; CL: 盘 (pán), 道(dào)

chá

tea; tea plant; CL:杯(bēi) ,壶(hú )

chī

to eat; to have one's meal; to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to exhaust

出租车

chūzūchē

出租車

taxi

big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; oldest; eldest

打电话

dǎdiànhuà

打電話

to make a phone call

de

of; structural particle: used before a noun, linking it to preceding possessive or descriptive attributive

diǎn

a little; a bit; drop (of liquid); stain; spot; speck; jot; dot stroke (in Chinese characters); decimal point; point; mark (of degree or level); a place (with certain characteristics); iron bell; o’clock; some; (point) unit of measurement for type; to touch on briefly; to make clear; to light; to ignite; to kindle; period of time at night (24 minutes) (old); a drip; to dibble; classifier for small indeterminate quantities

电脑

diànnǎo

電腦

computer; CL: 台(tái)

电视

diànshì

電視

television; TV; CL: 台(tái) ,個|个(gè)

电影

diànyǐnɡ

電影

movie; film; CL: 部(bù) ,幕(mù) ,场(chǎng)

东西

dōnɡxi

東西

thing; stuff; person; CL: 個|个(gè), 件(jiàn)

dōu

all, both; entirely (due to) each; even; already

to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音 (pīnyīn)

对不起

duìbùqǐ

對不起

I'm sorry; excuse me; pardon me; if you please; sorry? (please repeat); unworthy; to let down

duō

many; much; a lot of; numerous; multi-

多少

duōshǎo

多少

how much; how many

èr

two; 2; stupid (Beijing dialect)

儿子

érzi

兒子

son

饭店

fàndiàn

飯店

restaurant; hotel; CL:家(jiā), 個|个(gè)

飞机

fēijī

飛機

airplane; CL: 架(jià)

分钟

fēnzhōnɡ

分鐘

minute

高兴

ɡāoxìnɡ

高興

happy; glad; willing (to do something); in a cheerful mood

ɡè

classifier for people or objects in general; individual; this; that; size

工作

ɡōnɡzuò

工作

job; work; construction; task; CL: 個|个(gè), 份(fèn), 项(xiàng)

ɡǒu

dog; CL: 只(zhī), 条(tiáo)

汉语

hànyǔ

漢語

Chinese language

hǎo

good; well; proper; good to; easy to; very; so; (suffix indicating completion or readiness)

hào

day of a month; (suffix used after) name of a ship; (ordinal) number

to drink; to shout (a command)

and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; surname He

hěn

very; (adverb of degree); quite; awfully

后面

hòumiɑn

後面

rear; back; behind; later; afterwards

huí

to go back; to turn around; to answer; to return; to circle; to revolve; Hui ethnic group; time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book)

huì

can; be possible; be able to; will; be likely to; be sure to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association; a moment (Taiwan pronounced for this sense is huǐ)

how much; how many; several; a few

jiā

home; family; classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for specialists in some activity such as musician or revolutionary, corresponds to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian; surname Jia; CL: 個|个(gè)

jiào

to call; to shout; to order; to ask; to be called; by (indicates agent in the passive mood)

今天

jīntiān

今天

today; at the present

jiǔ

nine; 9

kāi

to open; to start; to turn on; to operate (vehicle)

kàn

to look at

看见

kànjiàn

看見

to see; to catch sight of

kuài

unit of currency; lump (of earth); chunk; piece; classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc; colloquial word for yuan (or other unit of currency such as Hong Kong or US dollar etc), usually as 块钱

lái

to come; to arrive; to come round; ever since; next

老师

lǎoshī

老師

teacher; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

le

(completed action marker); (modal particle intensifying preceding clause)

lěnɡ

cold

inside; lining; interior; internal

liù

six; 6

ma

(question tag)

妈妈

māma

媽媽

mum; mama; mommy; mother; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

mǎi

to buy; to purchase

māo

cat; CL:只(zhī)

没关系

méiɡuānxi

沒關係

it doesn't matter

没有

méiyǒu

沒有

haven't; hasn't; doesn't exist; to not have; to not be;

米饭

mǐfàn

米飯

(cooked) rice

明天

mínɡtiān

明天

tomorrow

名字

mínɡzi

名字

name (of a person or thing); CL: 個|个(gè)

which? (interrogative, followed by classifier or numeral-classifier);

that; those; then (in that case); commonly pronounced (nèi) before a classifier, especially in Beijing

哪儿

nǎér

哪兒

where?; wherever; anywhere

ne

(question particle for subjects already mentioned)

nénɡ

to be able to; to be capable of; ability; capability; able; capable; can possibly; (usually used in the negative) to have the possibility of

you (informal)

nián

year; CL: 個|个(gè)

女儿

nǚér

女兒

daughter

朋友

pénɡyou

朋友

friend; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

漂亮

piàoliɑnɡ

漂亮

pretty; beautiful

苹果

pínɡɡuǒ

蘋果

apple; CL: 個|个(gè), 颗(kē)

seven; 7

qián

coin; money; CL:笔(bǐ)

前面

qiánmiɑn

前面

ahead; in front; preceding; above

qǐnɡ

to ask; to invite; please (do something); to treat (to a meal etc); to request

to go; to go to (a place); to cause to go or send (somebody); to remove; to get rid of; (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something; to be apart from in space or time; (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker); (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation); (of a time or an event etc) just passed or elapsed

heat; to heat up; fervent; hot (of weather); warm up

rén

man; person; people; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

认识

rènshí

認識

to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; acquainted with something; knowledge; understanding; awareness; cognition

sān

three; 3

shànɡ

on

商店

shānɡdiàn

商店

store; shop; CL: 家(jiā), 個|个(gè)

上午

shànɡwǔ

上午

morning; CL: 個|个(gè)

shǎo

few; little; lack

sheí

who; also pronounced shuí

什么

shénme

什麼

what?; who?; something; anything

shí

ten; 10

shì

to be; yes

时候

shíhou

時候

time; length of time; moment; period

shū

book; letter; CL: 本(běn), 册(cè) , 部(bù) ; see also Book of History

shuǐ

water; river; liquid; beverage

水果

shuíɡuǒ

水果

fruit

睡觉

shuìjiào

睡覺

to go to bed; to go to sleep

shuō

to speak; to say; to explain; to scold; to tell off; a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory);

four; 4

suì

classifier for years (of age); year; year (of crop harvests)

he or him; (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant); (used before somebody's name for emphasis); (used as a meaningless mock object); other; another

she

tài

too (much); very; extremely; highest; greatest

天气

tiānqì

天氣

weather

tīnɡ

to listen; to hear; to obey; a can (loanword from English 'tin'); classifier for canned beverages

同学

tónɡxué

同學

(fellow) classmate; CL: 位(wèi), 個|个(gè)

wèi

hello (interj., especially on telephone); hey

I; me; my

我们

wǒmen

我們

we; us; ourselves; our

five; 5

喜欢

xǐhuɑn

喜歡

to like; to be fond of

xià

down; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down

下午

xiàwǔ

下午

afternoon; p.m.; CL: 個|个(gè)

下雨

xiàyǔ

下雨

to rain; rainy

先生

xiānshenɡ

先生

Mister (Mr.); husomebodyand; doctor (topolect); teacher; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

现在

xiànzài

現在

now; at present; at the moment; modern; current; nowadays

xiǎnɡ

to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss

xiǎo

small; tiny; young

小姐

xiáojiě

小姐

young lady; Miss; (slang) prostitute; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi)

xiē

some; few; several; (a measure word)

xiě

to write

谢谢

xièxiè

謝謝

to thank; thanks

星期

xīnɡqī

星期

week; CL: 個|个(gè)

学生

xuéshenɡ

學生

student; school child

学习

xuéxí

學習

to learn; to study

学校

xuéxiào

學校

school; CL: 所(suǒ)

one; 1; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; 'one' radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1)

一点儿

yìdiánér

一點兒

a little (bit)

衣服

yīfu

衣服

clothes; CL: 件(jiàn), 套(tào)

医生

yīshenɡ

醫生

doctor; CL: 個|个(gè), 位(wèi), 名(míng)

医院

yīyuàn

醫院

hospital; CL: 所(suǒ), 家(jiā), 座(zuò)

椅子

yǐzi

椅子

chair; CL: 把(bǎ), 套(tào)

yǒu

to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be

yuè

month; moon; CL: 個|个(gè), 轮(lún)

zài

(located) at; (to be) in; to exist; in the middle of doing something; (indicating an action in progress)

再见

zàijiàn

再見

goodbye; see you again later

怎么

zěnme

怎麼

how?; what?; why?

怎么样

zěnmeyànɡ

怎麼樣

how are things? how?; how about?; how was it?

zhè

this; these; (commonly pronounced (zhèi) before a classifier, especially in Beijing)

中国

zhōnɡɡuó

中國

China; Middle Kingdom

中午

zhōnɡwǔ

中午

noon; midday; CL: 個|个(gè)

zhù

to live; to dwell; to stay; to reside; to stop

桌子

zhuōzi

桌子

table; desk; CL: 张(zhāng) ,套(tào)

letter; character; word; symbol; CL: 個|个(gè)

zuò

to sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc); to bear fruit

zuò

to do; to make; to produce; to write; to compose; to act as; to engage in; to hold (a party); to be; to become; to function (in some capacity); to serve as; to be used for; to form (a bond or relationship); to pretend; to feign; to act a part; to put on appearance

昨天

zuótiān

昨天

yesterday

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